One company taking over controlling interest in another company.
More about Acquisitions from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/acquisition.asp:
Why Make an Acquisition?
Companies acquire other companies for various reasons. They may seek economies of scale, diversification, greater market share, increased synergy, cost reductions, or new niche offerings. Other reasons for Acquisitions include those listed below.
As a Way to Enter a Foreign Market
If a company wants to expand its operations to another country, buying an existing company in that country could be the easiest way to enter a foreign market. The purchased business will already have its own personnel, a brand name, and other intangible assets, which could help to ensure that the acquiring company will start off in a new market with a solid base.
As a Growth Strategy
Perhaps a company met with physical or logistical constraints or depleted its resources. If a company is encumbered in this way, then it’s often sounder to acquire another firm than to expand its own. Such a company might look for promising young companies to acquire and incorporate into its revenue stream as a new way to profit.
To Reduce Excess Capacity and Decrease Competition
If there is too much competition or supply, companies may look to Acquisitions to reduce excess capacity, eliminate the competition, and focus on the most productive providers.
To Gain New Technology
Sometimes it can be more cost-efficient for a company to purchase another company that already has implemented a new technology successfully than to spend the time and money to develop the new technology itself.
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